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What is Dash Cryptocurrency? Your 101

Cryptocurrencies have developed as a payment alternative, focusing on transaction privacy and anonymity. Yet only a few cryptocurrencies are focused on preserving users’ transaction privacy. Dash cryptocurrency has created a two-tier system that improves transaction speed and offers the option to send private or public transactions.

Let’s dive into the article and explore what Dash is and why it matters in the current crypto landscape.


What is Dash Cryptocurrency?

Dash is a digital currency that offers efficient and affordable decentralized payments to anyone regardless of their global location. Dash forked from Bitcoin’s main net as it aims to provide token users with a heightened level of anonymity and privacy.

Dash launched in 2014 under the name Xcoin and was later rebranded to Darkcoin to communicate and mirror their privacy and anonymity feature. But in March 2015, Darkcoin rebranded to the current version of Dash. Initially, Dash sought to provide users with an increased level of anonymity by later shifting directions and started focusing on transforming Dash into a globally accepted cryptocurrency suitable for daily online transactions. The ultimate goal of Dash is to be so important in daily transactions that it becomes likened to cash in terms of accessibility and anonymity.

A Beginner's Guide

Dash aims to become a scalable cryptocurrency focused on peer-to-peer payments while retaining users’ data privacy; however, Dash differentiates itself from other tokens as it allows each user the option to undergo private or publicly available transactions on the blockchain.

Dash is a stage one cryptocurrency with a proof-of-work consensus mechanism similar to other early cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Litecoin.

Dash is a self-funded and self-regulating model that is kept running by the people who earn profit from maintaining Masternodes or participating in network validators as miners in the proof of work mechanism.

All of this and a clear roadmap have allowed Dash to increase its block size to up to 400MB, which results in more processing power and higher transaction output. In addition, Dash had evolved from its first iteration when it resembled Bitcoin to a more robust ecosystem thanks to Dash’s two-tier network format, which focuses on transaction speed, governance, and privacy.

Who Created Dash?

Dash was launched on Jan. 18, 2014, by Evan Duffield, a software engineer. He was inspired by Satoshi Nakamoto’s work with Bitcoin, so it was compatible with part of the Bitcoin ecosystem. But Duffield always wanted to add more components to make Dash more efficient and unique.

How Dash Works

Although Dash aims to be the digital equivalent of physical cash, there is an essential distinction between physical cash and Dash. Unlike physical cash, Dash is a digital currency that runs on a decentralized blockchain network, meaning Dash tokens are not issued by any centralized entity. Instead, network participants who validate and process transactions on the Dash network are rewarded in DASH tokens for validating and adding transactions to the blockchain. This ensures that no fraudulent people are using the cryptocurrency, although this is under the assumption that users follow the recommended safety precautions. Also, because there is no central authority, each node has to come to a consensus about the balance of the account, and then this is registered in a block, which is all linked to a chain.

Dash has implemented a two-tier system, combining Proof-of-work (PoW) consensus and the later instated Masternodes, which allow Dash the flexibility to adapt to modern-day network requirements. This will enable miners to use processing power to solve complex mathematical equations and add new blocks to the Dash blockchain.

In the Dash ecosystem, masternodes provide new ways for users to contribute to the development of the network and provide additional services and governance rights for stakers. This means that users staking a specific amount of Dash are entitled to vote on network updates and participate in the decentralized decision-making process. Each user must hold at least 1000 DASH tokens to run a masternode while being rewarded with 45% of profits.

Why Does Dash Have Value?

Dash is a popular coin, and it has more value for several reasons. Dash cryptocurrency has value in the digital space because it allows users to acquire, spend or send DASH tokens without any restrictions. DASH holds value as long as users can use it for its intended purpose: anonymous peer-to-peer transactions without worrying about government control or transaction censorship. There is a reason that there has been a steady rise in the popularity of Dash, and that’s due to the value the coin brings to users, such as:


Dash has had an incredible price climb the few years that it has been around, the trajectory that it has moved has been very interesting, and it seems to be more and more profitable to trade Dash.


In addition to its trajectory, Dash is also very convenient, with the top crypto wallets vouching for it. Dash is also used as a form of payment on over 1000 websites.


Dash has one feature that has made it so popular since its launch. It provides one of the fastest transactions, which makes transactions way more seamless for users, Bitcoin might take hours, but with Dash, users get confirmation of their transactions in mere seconds. This has also made Dash very popular among cryptocurrency users.

Why Use Dash?

Dash has more than proven itself as one of the top cryptocurrencies of recent times. The hundreds of people who use Dash can testify to the value that Dash has brought to them as they make their daily transactions. Here are some of the reasons new users should use Dash:

User experience

Dash developers have put a lot of emphasis on creating a digital product that targets the specific privacy need of the end users. It is particularly user-oriented, making navigating the Dash environment very straightforward. With all the information being given at the right time and with their interactive website and online community of users, any new user who joins Dash will fit right at home.

Rapid and Scalable Transactions

For a proof-of-work cryptocurrency, Dash has added new elements that remove transaction friction and provide users with a high transaction output. While Bitcoin’s transactions take on average 10 minutes to validate, Dash has managed to decrease validation processing speed through “InstantSend,” which allows users to send anonymous transactions within seconds!

Anonymous Transactions

Dash has developed the “CoinJoin” solution to target industry lackluster, specifically the privacy of users’ transactions. As Bitcoin and other popular cryptocurrencies operate on a public network with all transactions being publicly available, Dash has focused on offering an anonymity feature where transactions are protected and not shared with the public. This entails that every user who sends payments through the Dash network is ensured that transaction data is not detected and the history of transactions is entirely unknown.

What makes Dash unique?

Dash has made a point to be unique since its inception. Although Dash is a fork of Bitcoin, Evan Duffield, the creator of Dash, had always had the goal of creating a coin that was more efficient, more effective, and all-around better than the other cryptocurrency market competitors. This drove him to redesign Bitcoin’s initial solution and create new value and utility for a completely distinct type of user. Here are some of the reasons Dash is so unique:


One of the most unique features of Dash is the introduction of masternodes. Dash went beyond the traditional proof of work model to implement a more effective two-tier system, where masternodes act as a support mechanism for the Dash network. As a result, each individual user can run a masternode and participate in enabling some platform features. In addition, by staking DASH tokens, users are rewarded with 45% of issued tokens, allowing users to generate passive income from staking.

Impressive Features

These features also make Dash unique. Dash has two major components; CoinJoin, which allows users to keep their transactions private, unlike Bitcoin, where anyone who has access to the Internet can see transaction data such as wallet address or amount sent. CoinJoin allows for the anonymity people in the crypto world have wanted since Satoshi Nakamoto made Bitcoin. The other feature that Dash has is called InstantSend; it will enable users to get fully confirmed transactions in seconds.


Another unique thing about Dash is its usability. A big issue with cryptocurrency is that people who accept cryptocurrency as a means of payment don’t accept all coins. So some coins have limited usability, and users can’t spend their coins in many places. This, however, is not the entire case with Dash, as it is accepted across over 155,000 stores globally and 125 websites. Dash has expanded its payment network to ensure Dash users have no hurdles when trying to pay with DASH>

User experience

An underrated uniqueness of Dash or the incredible user experience it gives users. The Dash website makes it easy for users to navigate their way through and find the information they need. This seems like a little thing, but the user experience dash provides is a thing of beauty and is better appreciated when it is put in contrast with other complex crypto websites.

What are the risks of Dash?

Every cryptocurrency transaction comes with its own risk level since cryptocurrencies are not relegated assets, and Dash is no different. Although Dash has a lot of advantages that help users with seamless private transactions, there are still some risks involved, just like other cryptocurrencies. However, the risk attributed to the Dash cryptocurrency can be reduced if users pay attention to market narratives and are up to date with cryptocurrency market trends.

Volatile Nature

For one, Dash’s currency is volatile and can drop by over 7% in one day. Dash offers a high-risk, high reward for users.

Unstable System and Prices

Also worthy of note is that Dash is also burdened with the issue that affects most of the crypto world. Dash aims to become a global payment system, but because crypto is volatile, Dash should find a system where it ensures a stable market price.


One of the most significant issues surrounding Dash is its launch’s controversies; the most notable was when an error allowed 2 Million Dash to be disbursed in the first 24 hours. The core developer of Dash stated that the issue occurred due to an internal error; however, skeptics suspect that the error was a deliberate attempt to allow a select number of people to mine a large number of new DASH tokens from the start.

Dash vs. Bitcoin: What's the Difference?

Although Dash is a fork of Bitcoin, it is not in any way a copy of Bitcoin. The creator of Dash, Evan Duffield, was rightfully inspired by Bitcoin. But to call Dash a copy of Bitcoin would be inaccurate. The two might be similar, but Dash has features that distinguish it from Bitcoin properly. Here are some of the differences:

1. A very important distinction to be made is that Dash is considerably more efficient than Bitcoin. Although homage should be made to Bitcoin for paving the way for other cryptocurrencies, it is not without issues. These are the issues that Dash was created to solve. For example, Bitcoin had the disadvantage of being Public; although users would prefer some transactions to be public, having the option to have a private transaction is a necessity. This is why Dash has the CoinJoin feature that gives users the option to make their transactions private.
2. Dash solved another Bitcoin drawback which makes Bitcoin unsuited as a fast processing payment solution. Using InstaSend, Dash allows users to send and confirm Dash transactions within seconds.
3. Another difference between Dash and Bitcoin is the transaction fees which are notably cheaper in Dash. Where Bitcoin could charge anywhere between one dollar to 30 dollars, dash charges between 0.01 and 0.02 dollars.
4. Dash uses a different mining algorithm than Bitcoin. Dash uses x11, which is a more recent algorithm. It allows for faster processing which helps cool the hardware because it needs less energy making it more suitable for the environment.


Who Controls Dash?

Because Dash is decentralized, no one person is in control of Dash; it is an open protocol. Therefore, any individual can create decentralized applications or network prompts that will enable them to transact in the Dash environment. All they would need is to pay a fee that I’d put in place to discourage spam attacks.

How Does Dash Have Value?

Dash has value because people use it. As long as people are willing to transact with Dash, it will have value and create more value for its users.

What Are Masternodes?

Masternodes are the second layer in the Dash system after Proof of Work, ensuring that Blockchain is readily available to users. The Masternodes also perform operations pertaining to the governance, security of data, processing minor transactions, and powering the system to make instant and private transactions. All of this makes the network healthier and more efficient.

How Can I Earn Using Dash?

Users can passively earn DASH tokens by becoming network validators and staking 1000 DASH tokens.

What are the Advantages of Dash?
  1. Ease: with Dash, users can send their assets across the world in seconds, and there are a large number of websites that accept Dash.
  2. Swiftness: Dash provides the fastest transaction. Users can complete transactions in seconds.
  3. Privacy: users can choose to make their transactions private with the CoinJoin feature.
  4. Irreversible transactions: transactions made with Dash are not reversible. This protects sellers from chargebacks.

Future of Dash

If the current trend continues, the future of Dash is certainly filled with wonderful outcomes. But, first, the online space needs a fungible decentralized currency, which is the service Dash provides. This is because of their unique 2-tier model and useful features; CoinJoin and InstantSend.

Vlad Hategan
Vlad Hategan - NFT Gaming Specialist
153 Articles

Vlad has been active in the crypto space since early 2013 with a hands-on approach since late 2017. His focus has always been being able to showcase the value crypto brings to our digital landscape. That's why he tried almost every possible category from mining to NFT and ICOs - back in the day. In short, he enjoys every part of the blockchain space, from the community to the nitty gritty technological details.

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