Bitcoin’s Price History: 2009 – 2023

Crypto investor or not, almost everyone today is familiar with the term “Bitcoin.” The cryptocurrency was created in 2009 and has since become the largest and most well-known cryptocurrency. Its decentralized nature allows peer-to-peer transactions without the need for intermediaries such as banks. It records transactions on a public ledger called the blockchain.

In this article, we’ll explore Bitcoin’s price history, factors affecting its prices, and what the future has in store for the digital currency.

bitcoin logo
bitcoin logo

Bitcoin’s price remained largely under $1 for the first few years of its existence. In late 2013, its price rapidly increased from around $100 to a peak of nearly $20,000 in December 2017. After that, the price experienced a sharp decline and stabilized around the $3,000-$7,000 range for much of 2018 and 2019. In 2020, the price saw another major increase, reaching new all-time highs in December at around $28,949, and continuing to rise in 2021, reaching above $65,000.  Many see it as a store of value and a potential hedge against inflation despite some volatility. Thus, the overall trend in the price of Bitcoin has been upward.

Bitcoin Mining - What is it and How Does it Impact Prices

bitcoin mining factory

Mining is the process of adding transactions to the blockchain, which is the public ledger of all Bitcoin transactions. Miners use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical problems, and the first miner to solve the problem adds the next block of transactions to the blockchain and receives a reward in the form of newly minted Bitcoins.

Mining is an important component of the Bitcoin network because it helps to secure the network and ensure that all transactions are valid and recorded on the blockchain. Without miners, there would be no one to validate transactions and prevent fraud so the network would be vulnerable to attack.

The amount of Bitcoins awarded as a reward for mining is halved approximately every four years; this event is known as the “Bitcoin halving.” The halving affects the supply of new Bitcoins entering the market, which can significantly impact the price of Bitcoin. When the supply of new Bitcoins decreases, the scarcity of Bitcoins can drive up the price, and conversely, when the supply of new Bitcoins increases, the price may fall.

However, it’s important to note that many factors can affect the price of Bitcoin, including changes in demand, regulation, and overall market sentiment. The impact of mining on the cost of Bitcoin can be significant, but it is just one of many factors that can influence the market.

Insights Into Bitcoin Price History

There have been several key events that have influenced the price of Bitcoin over the years. Some of the most notable events include:

Adoption by businesses and institutions:

As more businesses and institutions have started accepting Bitcoin as a form of payment, and making investments in it, the demand for the cryptocurrency has increased, leading to a rise in its price. Data suggests that up to 94% of institutional investors own Bitcoin holdings globally.

Some examples of companies with Bitcoin investment portfolios include:

  • MicroStrategy
  • Galaxy Digital Holdings
  • Voyager Digital LTD
  • Tesla

Regulatory changes

Changes in regulations and government policies regarding cryptocurrencies can significantly impact the price of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. A positive regulatory environment increases demand and drives up prices. For example, countries like the U.S., Singapore, and Canada haven’t legalized Bitcoin as a legal tender but allow people to shop online through it. Simultaneously, negative regulations reduce demand and cause prices to fall. One example is China’s countrywide prohibition on cryptocurrency usage.

Market sentiment and news

Market sentiment and news also play a role in influencing Bitcoin’s price. Positive news and investor sentiment raise demand and prices, while negative news and sentiment can have the opposite effect. Popular personalities like Elon Musk have caused fluctuation in Bitcoin’s price several times by sharing his views on crypto.

Market competition

The growth of other cryptocurrencies, such as Ethereum and Ripple, has also impacted the demand for, and price of Bitcoin, as investors usually choose to shift their investments from one cryptocurrency to another based on market performance.

Halving events

The halving of Bitcoin’s block reward, which occurs roughly every 4 years, also has an impact on its price. The halving reduces the amount of new Bitcoins being created, which leads to a shortage and increase in demand, driving up the price.

Understanding The Volatility Of Bitcoin Prices

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, thus, its price is determined by market supply and demand. The prices of Bitcoin are highly volatile and can change rapidly, often in response to news or events that can impact market sentiment. Bitcoin volatility can be attributed to several factors, including its limited supply, lack of regulation, and high levels of speculation.

Additionally, since Bitcoin is still a relatively new and untested asset, it’s difficult to always predict how it will react to market events and shifts in investor sentiment. As a result, investing in Bitcoin can be very risky, and it’s important to carefully consider one’s investment goals, risk tolerance, and overall financial situation before investing.

The Impact Of Macroeconomic Factors On Bitcoin Prices

Macroeconomic factors can have a significant impact on the price of Bitcoin. Some of the most notable include:

  1. Interest rates: Changes in central bank interest rates can impact the demand for Bitcoin as an alternative investment.
  2. Economic growth: Economic growth can affect investor confidence and drive demand for riskier assets such as Bitcoin.
  3. Inflation: Inflationary pressures can increase demand for Bitcoin as a hedge against currency depreciation.
  4. Political uncertainty: Political uncertainty, such as Brexit or the US-China trade war, can lead to market volatility and increase demand for alternative assets like Bitcoin.
  5. Regulation: Government regulations and actions can have a significant impact on the demand for Bitcoin and its price.

It’s important to note that these macroeconomic factors can also have a significant impact on the global financial markets, which can, in turn, affect the price of Bitcoin.

Charts and Visualizations

bitcoin chart history

Historical Price Charts Of Bitcoin (2009-2022)

Bitcoin started with a price range of $0 to $0.0009. The first ever Bitcoin transaction was carried on PayPal by Martti Malmi, a computer science student in October 2009. He sold a total of 5,050 Bitcoins for $4.545.

2009 – Only a few crypto enthusiasts participated in buying and selling the coin. Bitcoin was not considered a financial phenomenon at this time as there was no news cycle about it. Thus, the price remained under $1.

2010 – A real-world transaction happened on the forum in May 2010. One Bitcoin holder bought 2 pizzas for 10,000 Bitcoins, making them the first real-world purchase through virtual money, and also one of the most costly pizzas to date. Bitcoin price remained around $0.0041 throughout 2010.

2011 – The Bitcoin coin price went above $1 by February 2011, and it elevated up to 30x by June 2011, making the price reach $8. It further jumped up to $30. However, this steady growth didn’t last long due to low liquidity in late 2011, and the price dropped to $2. Bitcoin finished the year with a price of $4.70.

2012 – The year saw a slight rebound in price. Bitcoin grew slowly throughout the year, and its first halving took place in November 2012. Bitcoin locked a price value of $13.50 by the end of the year.

Investors’ Growing Interest In Bitcoin Between 2013 To 2017

2013 – This year the first Bitcoin ATM was launched in Vancouver, which allowed buyers to convert their fiat money to Bitcoin. It raised Bitcoin’s price by over $20 by the end of January 2023. Its price reached over $40 by the early weeks of March, which kept on increasing and passed over $100 by the beginning of April 2013. After Bitcoin reached $230, it fell back to $68. Soon again the price hiked up to $150. 2013 experienced huge volatility in price.

2014 – Bitcoin’s high volatility continued in the year 2014. It hit a price of $1,000 in the early weeks of January but saw a sharp decline in February by reaching $111.60. Later around 744,400 Bitcoins of users’ funds were lost after the bankruptcy of Bitcoin’s earliest crypto exchange Mt. Gox. However, its price still rose and got to $593.10. Bitcoin saw a gradual decline after that and closed at $318 by the end of 2014.

2015 – Bitcoin showed a downturn at the beginning of 2015 followed by a slow uptrend. Bitcoin officially adopted its symbol B in November 2015. The coin closed at $430 in 2015.

2016 – This year also didn’t start with any big price rise for Bitcoin, but volatility was lower than before. Bitcoin price gained traction from May end, and it hit $700 by mid-June. It dropped to $600 by November. From there, it quickly peaked at $900.

2017 – Bitcoin price fluctuated between $1,000 and $1,200, and raised to $2300 by May end. After backtracking a bit, the price reached $4000 by mid-August. The price increased steadily due to the interest of retail traders in the coin. Bitcoin was trending at its highest price of time at over $19,000 by mid-December.

Bitcoin futures began trading on the Chicago Board Options Exchange in the same month. Bitcoin ended the year 2017 with a high price of $13,850.

Bitcoin’s Major Downfall And Recovery Between 2018 To 2021

2018 – Bitcoin showed a decline in price throughout 2018 after experiencing a surge at the beginning of the year. Its price kept fluctuating between $6000 and $8000 but closed at $3,709 by the end of 2018, which was a 73% drop for the year.

2019 – The year 2019 also started similarly to 2018, but it reached $4000 in the early months. It rose from $5000 to $8000 from April to early June. The price rose to $10,000 by September, but it finished at a lower price of $7,200 by the end of 2019.

2020 – In the first 6 weeks of 2020, Bitcoin rose over $10,000. But, due to the COVID pandemic wave, its price dropped to $8000. On March 12, 2020, it fell by 39%, dropping the price from $7,935 to $4,826. Post this drop, its price gradually increased and hit the highest price of the year at $20,000 in November. Bitcoin price kept on racing up and closed at $28,949.

2021 – Bitcoin spiked above $64,000 as the year 2021 approached mid-April. But, the market’s direction changed when China announced its opposition to the use of cryptocurrencies. China stated that it would prohibit payment platforms and financial institutions that transact in cryptocurrencies. As a result, Bitcoin lost over 50% of its value in just a few months.

China later announced that all cryptocurrency transactions would be made illegal, including offerings from foreign markets. This time the market wasn’t influenced by the news, and the price rose over $60,000. Bitcoin reached its all-time high on November 10, 2021, at $68,789.

2022 – The year experienced rising inflation in fiat currencies leading more investors to pick alternative investments such as Bitcoin. However, Bitcoin dropped its earlier price and fluctuated around the $40,000 mark in the early months.

Crypto Winter approached in March, while May became the most damaging month for Bitcoin as its price was negatively affected by the collapse of TerraUSD. Moreover, the infamous FTX collapse further hurt Bitcoin. The price dropped to $20,000 in Mid-2022 and sank to $16,000 over time.

2023- Though Bitcoin has picked up strength again by raising over $20,000 in 2023, the market is yet to see how it performs over the year.

Traders can explore interactive charts as a tool for exploring the prices of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. These charts help visualize the price movement of Bitcoin over time and often come with a variety of customization options so traders can tailor the chart to their specific needs.

Some popular interactive charts for exploring Bitcoin prices include TradingView, CoinMarketCap, and Coinbase. These charts often allow investors and traders to view the price movement of Bitcoin in real-time, and compare the price to other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies such as USD or EUR. Additionally, many of these interactive charts come with built-in technical analysis tools that can help understand the trends and patterns in the price movement of Bitcoin.

Predictions For Bitcoin Prices

The adoption of digital currencies is on the rise, causing a profound impact on the market.

The popularity of Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies is on the rise, and it is expected to drive the market in the upcoming years. Developed countries are showing interest in adopting flexible and easy transactional methods offered by digital currencies. The central bank has patented Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) to oversee crypto projects across various developed nations. It is driving countries to adopt these alternative currencies. For example, the Central Bank of Uruguay, and the Bank of Thailand are applying the toolkit for their CBDC evaluation process. Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is also showing support to CBDC to adopt digital currency as an exchange medium.

Bitcoin to drive exponential demand for the cryptocurrency market

Bitcoin has become a trending digital coin that is majorly adopted across the world. Many European countries, the US, Japan, etc., are experiencing the inclination of people toward Bitcoin. The market value of the digital currency has increased due to offerings of rewards for transactions, supporting regulations, increased investors’ interest, and high visibility.

Law enforcement to regulate the usage of digital currencies

The decentralized and unauthorized nature of the Bitcoin exchange platform has raised concerns for regulators regarding the misuse of Bitcoin for illegal activities. Unlawful activities like money laundering, tax evasion, and terrorist financing have been seen in the past. However, regulators realize that even though virtual currencies are prone to criminal uses, blockchain is not a negative development. Thus, there has been a demand for law enforcement to monitor criminal behavior across digital currency exchanges.

Bitcoin to increase its end-use

The digital currency is set to expand its real-world usage. It is boosted by the acceptance of Bitcoin as payment at the German Burger King restaurant. Many retail and e-commerce companies have also shown increased interest in accepting Bitcoin as their online payment option. Some of them include Microsoft Store, Namecheap, Overstock, and NewEgg.

Predictions From Industry Experts

Crypto analysts have predicted Bitcoin to dominate the market this year and ahead as 2024 is the year for Bitcoin halving event. Bitcoin will cut the reward to 3.125 BTC, which will drive up its price for the long term. Bitcoin halving directly influences its deflationary tendency and decreases its supply, which further pushes up the prices.

Expected Bitcoin rally in 2023

The recent less aggressive spike in the rate of 25 basis points of the US Fed will be the reason for the Bitcoin rally this year. It will help Bitcoin outperform other assets, and maintain its growth trajectory.

Bitcoin Whales will dominate the platform again

Investors with huge Bitcoin stakes, known as Bitcoin whales, have already begun to accumulate the crypto coin again. As per on-chain aggregator, Sentiment, the biggest Bitcoin whales will hold over 1000-10,000 BTC in their wallets. Bitcoin is predicted to show a quick recovery as investors start to store high amounts of BTC in their wallets.

Bitcoin rally might be a bull trap

While many crypto analysts have positive things to say about the Bitcoin rally, some predict the opposite. They believe that the Bitcoin rally is more likely to be a bull trap than a bull run. Mark Mobius, a Veteran global investor and Mobius Capital Partners’ founder state that Bitcoin may fall to the $10,000 range.

Bitcoin Recovery might not be easy

The head of digital assets research at VanEck, Matthew Sigel, predicts a drop to the $12,000 range for Bitcoin in the near future. The reason he gives is that increased energy prices, interest rates, and strict monetary policy won’t let Bitcoin to recover easily.

Factors That Could Affect Future Bitcoin Prices

There are several factors that could affect future Bitcoin prices, including:

  1. Adoption rate: The wider adoption of Bitcoin as a form of payment and store of value can increase its demand and drive up its price.
  2. Technological advancements: Improvements in blockchain technology and the development of new use cases for Bitcoin can increase its demand and raise the price.
  3. Competition from other cryptocurrencies: Competition from other cryptocurrencies, such as Ethereum or Ripple, can impact the demand and price for Bitcoin.
  4. Regulatory environment: Changes in government regulations and actions can have a significant impact on people’s opinions on whether they should invest in Bitcoin.
  5. Security incidents: Security incidents, such as hacks or thefts, can negatively impact investor confidence and drive down the price of Bitcoin.
  6. Market sentiment: Market sentiment, or the overall mood and attitude of investors, affect Bitcoin’s rates.

Bitcoin - Is It a Good Investment?

Traders must keep in mind that the crypto market is highly volatile. Factors that drive the prices of Bitcoin and other cryptos change rapidly. Thus, it is challenging to estimate the exact future of Bitcoin. However, one can consider some key factors to determine whether Bitcoin is a good investment choice for them. These are as follows:

Binance review market share


Due to the global establishment of exchanges, trading platforms, and online brokerages, Bitcoin has become one of the most liquid investment cryptocurrencies. People can trade Bitcoin for real-world assets, such as gold, cash, etc., at low fees without needing the approval of any third party. Investors who are looking for short-term profit can definitely consider investing in Bitcoin. People with strong financial status who want long-term investment can also invest in Bitcoin due to its high market demand.

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Lower inflation risk

Bitcoin is not influenced by hyperinflation as no government regulates it. The only inflation that Bitcoin faces is its halving event every 4 years. Inflation happens at a predictable rate, unlike fiat currency.

Swissborg trading pairs

Minimalistic trading

Bitcoin trading is not tedious like other trading options, such as stocks. People don’t have to wait for specific market hours to trade their Bitcoins. Instead, they can buy or sell the cryptocurrency on exchanges 24/7. The absence of intermediaries makes the transaction instant.

Swissborg Security


Bitcoin is comparatively more secure than other assets as it maintains a higher hash rate. However, investors must understand that most incidents of crypto hacks happen when exchange gets hacked, or users’ mistakes such as falling for scams.


High Long-Term Returns

Bitcoin has become the decade’s best-performing asset as it recently delivered a yearly return of 230%. Thus, it performed 10x better compared to Nasdaq 100. Therefore, even after high volatility, Bitcoin has greater long-term growth potential.


The key to understanding Bitcoin price fluctuations is to observe factors like the mining process, key events, and macroeconomic influences. Regulations from governments from developed countries also cause its price to fluctuate.

There’s been a debate between different crypto market analyzers on whether Bitcoin will rise or decline. However, Bitcoin’s investment potentials and scheduled halving in the next year indicate a positive market trend. Thus, there is a good possibility that Bitcoin will be a profitable investment choice in 2023. However, do observe the changing market situations for better judgment.

Bitcoin investment can be a high-risk, high-reward opportunity. Its value can be volatile and subject to rapid fluctuations, making it unsuitable for conservative investors. It is important to thoroughly research and understand the risks before investing in Bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency. Investors should also diversify their portfolios and not rely solely on Bitcoin for their investment strategy.

Nakul Shah
Nakul Shah - DLT Expert and Project Manager
53 Articles

Nakul Shah is a technology enthusiast, blockchain/AI consultant, author, and writer, passionate about innovative solutions. He is a regular speaker at conferences across the globe on blockchain, DLT, and fintech. Nakul specializes in writing content for fintech, gaming, emerging technology, and eCommerce sectors, and offer consultancy, training, and editorial services to clients across the globe. He is also a contributor to various publications, and has authored over 1000 articles, 100+ case studies, 75+ white papers, and a book on Blockchain titled “Blockchain for Business with Hyperledger Fabric.”

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Reviewed and Fact Checked by Eugene Abungana , Investment Analyst, Financial Analyst, and Institutional Trader